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The Watertons, A Chronology, Page 2

• Chronology Page 1

The Squire's branch.red circle This page is concerned with Squire Charles Waterton's branch of the family.

A word about dates.... (Gregorian & Julian Calendars).

17th CENTURY


☀ 1602

Thomas Waterton (1583 - 1641) married Alice Slingsby, the daughter of Sir Henry Slingsby.

☀ 1627 (7th March)

Mrs Alice Waterton (Slingsby) died. She is buried in the Waterton Chapel, Sandal Magna Church (St Helen's). Thomas married for a second time, taking Bridget, widow of Charles Markham of Ollerton as his wife. Bridget survived Thomas and saw her daughter Anne married to Robert Waterton, eldest son of the Thomas who died in 1641.

☀ 1641

Thomas Waterton died, his third son Thomas inherited the Walton estates. This Thomas married Alice Wetherby of Wintersett.


☀ 1644 (June)

In 1643 Parliament ordered Lords and Landowners to pay towards the expense of war.
In 1644, Parliamentary troops enforcing this
demand marched upon Walton Hall, then the home of Anne Markham (widow of Thomas Waterton).

While they waited for an outcome to the siege, one soldier went to Walton village to fetch a keg of beer. When he returned, an occupant of the Hall fired a cannon ball from a small cannon or culverin at him and wounded him in the thigh. During the skirmish, one of Cromwell's soldiers fired a musket shot into one of the doors of the Water Gate (then the entrance to the island). CW maintained that Oliver Cromwell himself was involved in the attack, but this seems unlikely. For many years a brass plaque commemorating the incident was fixed to the Water Gate door, but it was removed in 1965 and is now in the Wakefield Museum. (1, 2). The doors have disappeared from the building.
See also entry for 1790.


☀ 1670.
Thomas Waterton (1642 - 1704) married Catherine (1650 - 27 Feb 1724/5), daughter of Nicholas Fairfax of Ackton (a few miles distant from Walton). It was an advantageous marriage and restored the faily fortunes somewhat.

Walton Hall had been abandoned and was in a state of disrepair. With Catherine's dowry of £10,000, the Watertons returned to the Hall and it was renovated around 1674. Thomas was active in restoring the estate, building two water mills and coal mining.

■ Click here to see an estimate of what £10,000 might have been able to buy in 1670, and what it might be worth in 2017 (National Archives).
■ Click here to see the Bank of England's Inflation calculator illustrating how prices in the U.K. have changed over time, from 1670 to 2017.

18th CENTURY

☀ 1704
Thomas Waterton (1642 - 1704) died.


☀ 1716
Charles Waterton (son of Thomas and grandfather of the Squire) was imprisoned for a while in York Castle for failing to swear an oath of allegiance to King George 1 (the Hanoverian).


☀ 1725
Catherine Waterton, née Fairfax, (1650 - 27 Feb 1724/5) died aged 74 years.


☀ 1731
After the Reformation, the Watertons remained staunchly Catholic and were often brought before the courts and fined in the 17th and 18th century as a result of conflicts with the established order. In 1731 Charles Waterton (grandfather of Squire CW) was in trouble for not discharging his obligation to repairing the roof, walls, windows of the chancel of St Helens Church, Sandal Magna.


☀ 1733
Charles Waterton (20 Mar 1704 - 1767), grandfather of the Squire, married Mary Cressacre-More(b. 1701).

The More Connection
Mary Cressacre-More was the youngest daughter of Christopher Cressacre-More.

Mary More was the seventh in descent from "Blessed Thomas, the martyred chancellor".
(From The Catholic Encyclopaedia).
Find out about Sir (Saint) Thomas More.


☀ 1758
A mystery - Eusebia Pickering, seemingly a 'wife' of Thomas Waterton (Charles' father) arrived at the English Convent in Brugge (Bruges) in Flanders.


☀ 1767
Charles Waterton (grandfather of the Squire) died.

Thomas Waterton (1738 - 19 Mar 1805), father of the Squire, inherited Walton Hall at the age of 29 years. He then proceeded to demolish the Elizabethan building and erected the present mansion. The Water Gate was left to crumble into the ruin that it is today. The lake then occupied an area of about 30 acres (12.15 hectares). (1 hectare = 100 acres or 10,000 square metres).


☀ 1782 (3rd June)

Charles Waterton (the Squire) born at Walton Hall. Charles's mother, Anne Bedingfield, was a granddaughter of Sir Henry Bedingfeld of Oxburgh, Norfolk.


☀ 1790

Walton Lake was dredged, and the iron culverin from the 1644 siege was found and 'preserved' at the gateway. Later the Squire, marked the dents caused by cannon shot fired at the Water Gate's sturdy wooden doors. See entry for 1644, June.


☀ 1792 (3rd June)

Charles Waterton (aged 10 yrs) sent to Tudhoe School, Co. Durham. Not an enjoyable time. No visits home.


☀ 1796 (3rd June)

Charles Waterton (aged 14 yrs) sent to Stonyhurst College, Lancashire. This was an enjoyable time, Stonyhurst was more enlightened than Tudhoe.

Continued in next section.

19th CENTURY

☀ 1801
Charles Waterton completed his education at Stonyhurst; being a Catholic, a university education was not then available to him in England.

After completing his studies, Charles Waterton habitually wore a blue swallow-tailed coat with gilt buttons which resembled that worn at Stonyhurst when he was a pupil there. In later years he visited Stonyhurst and maintained his links with the college. He also kept a promise made to his schoolmaster there, Father Clifford, that he would never drink wine or "spiritous liquors".


☀ 1802
Charles Waterton spends some time at Walton Hall. He took up foxhunting but was critical of the activity.

Spain.After this period of home life, at the age of 20 years, he set sail for Malaga in southern Spain.

☀ 1803
Malaga - outbreak of the "Black Vomit" (= Yellow Jack or Yellow Fever). Charles returned to England.

Find out more about The Black Vomit.


☀ 1804 (November)
Spain. Charles Waterton sailed to Demerara from Portsmouth, Hants, to manage the family plantations.
Demerara is now part of Guyana

☀ 1805
Thomas Waterton dies and Charles inherits family estates (aged 23 yrs). Returned to Walton Hall from Demerara.


☀ 1807
Charles returned to Demerara. Now aged 25 yrs.


☀ 1812
Anne Mary Edmonstone born (later to become Charles Waterton's wife, he is now 30 yrs). Charles attended her Christening.

☀ 1812 (April)
Charles Waterton disposed of the family's plantation interests. (4)

He laves the Demerara estates to start his First Wandering in South America. He travels through Demerara, Essequibo & Portuguese Guiana (Brazil). 


☀ 1816
Second Wandering through Portuguese Guiana (Brazil), Dutch Guiana (Suriname), and British Guiana ( Guyana).


☀ 1820
Third Wandering, including the River Essequibo and the capture of the cayman (now in Wakefield Museum).


☀ 1821

Walton Park - building of the wall commences.
See "Letters of Charles Waterton", ed. R.A. Irwin, 1955.


☀ 1824

Fourth Wandering, to the United States and the Antilles.


☀ 1825

First publication of Wanderings in South America.


☀ 1826

Walton Park - the wall completed at a cost of £9,000.

■ Click here to see an estimate of what £9,000 might have been able to buy in 1830, just 4 years after completion, and what it might be worth in 2017 (National Archives).
■ Click here to see the Bank of England's Inflation calculator illustrating how prices in the U.K. have changed over time from 1826 to 2017.


☀ 1829

The Catholic Emancipation Act receives the Royal assent. Since the Reformation, Catholics had been subject to restrictions covering property ownership, inheritance, government employment and could not sit in Parliament.

Daniel O'Connell (1775 - 1847) campaigned for the right of Catholics to sit in the British Parliament. He was elected MP for Clare in 1828, forcing the government to concede Catholic emancipation (which was supported by the Duke of Wellington). Later O'Connell, although wanting to break up the union with Britain, lost the support of the more revolutionary Young Ireland group, a nationalist group founded by Protestant radicals in 1840.


☀ 1829 (18th May)

Charles Waterton (47 yrs) married Anne Mary Edmonstone (17 yrs) at Bruges at 5.30 am in English Convent. See entries for 1812 and following item.

☀ 1829 (20th December)

Although already married (see preceding item), Charles and Anne married for a second time at St. Helen's Church, Sandal Magna.
"Charles Waterton married Anne Mary Edmonstone of this parish, Spinster, alias his wife, were married by licence (they previously being married 18th May at Bruges)". Although the Catholic Emancipation Act was passed by Parliament in 1829 (which would have recognised the marriage) it would have taken some months for the law to become established and Anne Waterton was 6 months pregnant by now. Doubtless the second marriage ceremony was thought necessary for legal reasons. (3).


☀ 1830 (7th April)

Edmund Waterton born to Charles and Anne. His mother died shortly afterwards. Edmund became a collector of antiquities. He was as different to his father as chalk is to cheese. His collection of historical rings is now in the Kensington Museum. He was fond of a fine life and later became bankrupt and the Watertons lost their home in Walton.

☀ 1830 (27th April)

Anne Waterton died in April 1830 at the age of 18 yrs., 21 days after the birth of Edmund, Charles stayed by her side until she died, he did not remarry.

Anne is buried in the vault in St Helens, Sandal Magna. The burial was without a service, doubtless at the request of Charles; he was not reconciled to the established order.

When Anne Waterton died, Charles Waterton was overwhelmed with grief and could not bear to talk about her. He mentioned her once in writing: "In 1829 I became the happiest man in the world; but it pleased Heaven to convince me that all felicity here below is no more than a mere illusive transitory dream, and I bow submissive to its adorable decrees. "

"I am left with one fine boy, who 'looks up to me for light, and I trust that I shall succeed in imparting it to him."
Elizabeth and Helen Edmonstone remained as part of the household at Walton Hall until the death of the Squire. They did the housekeeping and acted as mothers to their nephew.


☀ 1865 (27th May)

Charles Waterton died. He had £585. 18s. 2d (£585.91) in the bank and the Hall was heavily mortgaged. Even taking into account the value of the pound sterling in those days, it was not a great deal of money.

■ Click here to see an estimate of what £585. 18s. 2d might have been able to buy around 1865, and what it might be worth in 2017 (National Archives).
■ Click here to see the Bank of England's Inflation calculator illustrating how prices in the U.K. have changed over time from 1865 to 2017.
■  Click here for the relative value of the wall's cost from measuringworth.com.

☀ 1865 (3rd June)

Waterton's Grave.Charles Waterton is buried in the grounds of Walton Park (more recently also known as 'Waterton Park').


☀ 1876

Deeping St. James.Edmund Waterton is declared bankrupt. The family home was his major asset and so the hall was sold in order that he could satisfy his creditors.


☀ 1877

Ironically, Edmund soldl Walton Hall to the Simpson family, whose soap works had done so much damage to Walton Park and the surrounding countryside. Edmund moved to a house in Market Deeping, Lincolnshire, which he viewed as having long established links with the Waterton family.

However, the Simpsons were not able to move into Walton Hall for some years, as it been let on a 21 year lease to Edward Hailstone a solicitor (amongst other things).

■ Click here to see an estimate of what £114,000 might have been able to buy around 1880, and what it might be worth in 2017 (National Archives).
■ Click here to see the Bank of England's Inflation calculator illustrating how prices in the UK have changed over time from 1877 to 2017.
■  Click here for the relative value of the hall's sale price in 2010, from measuringworth.com.


☀ 1887 ( 22nd July) Edmund Waterton died at the early age of 57 years. He was buried in the Waterton Chapel at Deeping Waterton Hall, Deeping St. James. Later he was reinterred in the cemetery of the Priory Church in Deeping St. James.


References
1. Charles Waterton, 1782 - 1865, Traveller and Naturalist, Wakefield Museum Exhibition Catalogue, 1982.
2. Wakefield, its History and People, JW Walker, 1939.
3. Sandal Magna, a Yorkshire Parish and its People, Mary Ingham and Brenda Andrassy, 1978.
4.The Letters of Charles Waterton of Walton Hall, near Wakefield, edited with Notes by R.A. Irwin. Rockliff, London, 1955.


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